[confidence]: Grk, parresian; boldness, assurance, security; a state of boldness and confidence, sometimes implying intimidating circumstances
[holy places]: Grk, ton hagion; the interior (either the outer or the inner of the two rooms) of the sanctuary of the Jerusalem Temple ‘a tent was constructed, the outer one … which was called the Holy Place’ Hebrews 9:2; ‘he entered once and for all into the Holy Place’ Hebrews 9:12. The inner room was more specifically identified by the phrase ἅγια ἁγίων, literally ‘holy of holies’ Hebrews 9:3, The inner sanctuary could also be referred to as ‘within or behind the curtain/veil’
[blood of Jesus]: Grk, to haimati Iesou; as the source or substance to new and eternal life
[new and living way]: Grk, prosphaton kaizosan hodon; fresh, new: uncorrupted or untouched by the means or hands of men; to be alive, to know and have fresh life
[conscience]: Grk, syneideseos; the psychological faculty which can distinguish between right and wrong—‘moral sensitivity, conscience. since their thoughts sometimes accuse and betray them
[encouraging one another]: Grk, parakalountes; to be encouraged or consoled, either by verbal or non-verbal means—‘to encourage those who are losing heart, to console; to be encouraged at the same time with someone else; you by my faith and I by yours;
Contextual Interpretation of Core Text
Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, 20 by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, 25 not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near.
[10:19] Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus,
I. We have free access to God’s inner sanctuary.
II. We have no need to be intimidated, fearful or insecure.
III. We are welcomed by Him, we have been given a rightful place with Him through Him.
[10:20] by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh,
I. By His self-offering Christ has opened to us all a new way to life.
II. The new way no longer leads by the old ways, (through the veil of the temple). It is the event of redemption in the person and death through the sacrifice of His flesh. Jesus is the one granting access into the full presence of God.
III. To accomplish this He willingly sacrificed His life for ours.
[10:21--22] and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
I. We have Jesus as High Priest over God’s people
II. He has washed our minds, memories, and the bodies we used for sin clean.
III. We have no reason to pause or hesitate, there is no cause for losing faith - wait no longer, come into His presence!
[10:23] Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful.
I. Tighten our hold onto the faith that is our hope.
II. Don't look down, don't look back, and don't look from side to side - look up.
[10:24] And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works,
I. Let us care for one another in fellowship, communion, and prayer.
II. Emphasize (teach and model) the responsibilities (good works) of the Christian believer for one another, within the believing community.
III. Good works (righteousness of Christ) are the spiritual response to natural consequences and circumstances of life.
[10:25] not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near.
I. Worship Together, Pray Together, Serve Together, Learn Together, Break Bread Together - by all means possible… Stay Together.
II. Mutual care and comfort cannot be sustained unless members of the Christian community meet to encourage and exhort one another.
III. Even more so in times of trouble, sorrow, and when things come to an end.
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